Information About Jaipur, History & Why Jaipur is Called Pink City?

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Information About Jaipur City

Date : February 24, 2022

Introduction and History of Jaipur

The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur, was built in 1727 AD by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. It is from his name that the city extracts its name. Jaipur happens to be the first planned city of India. Maharaja Jai Singh, who was only 11 years old, came into power after the demise of his father, Maharaja Bishan Singh. Kachwaha Rajputs, who came into power in the 12th century, are Jai Singh's ancestors.

Their rivalry with Sisodia Rajputs, rulers of Mewar, helped their alliance with the Mughals. Mughals, too, supported the Kachwaha Rajputs against SisodiaRajputs, resulting in Kachwahas attaining a decent place in Rajasthan. They ruled the kingdoms of Mewar (Udaipur) and Marwar (Jodhpur) from the glorious Amber Fort. Jai Singh supported Aurangzeb's son Azam Shah in the battle of succession, which created unrest among people. But Azam Shah lost this bid to the throne to his brother Bahadur Shah.

Azam Shah then demanded the removal of Jai Singh from the throne. With the ally of the Mughals, Jai Singh brought himself back to power. The kingdom flourished in his reign. Jai Singh built his capital around Amber Fort, and Jaipur was eventually developed as India's first-ever planned city by a chief architect from Bengal, Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya. Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, following the principles of Shilpa Shastra (the science of Indian architecture), and referencing the ancient Indian knowledge on astronomy, further developed and discussed the plan with Jai Singh. It is said that the foundation of the city was laid down on 18th November 1727 by Jai Singh himself. It took minutely plans strategies and 4 years for the city's major places-the roads, the square, palaces, and the fortification of the boundaries to come to form.

After the death of Jai Singh in 1744, his sons fought for power, and without a king, the city became open to intrusion by neighbouring states. Rajputs and Marathas took over most of Jaipur. Later in 1876, Maharaja Ram Singh adorned the city in pink color, which is supposed to be associated with hospitality, to welcome the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) to the city; and thus, it acquired the name Pink City. Maharaja Ram Singh also built Ramgarh Lake to provide water to the budding and prospering city. In 1922, the throne was taken over by Man Singh II, and it was at that time buildings like secretariat, schools, and hospitals were built. After India got independence, Jaipur merged with Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, and Bikaner to form India's largest state, with Jaipur as its capital.

Why Jaipur is Called The Pink City Of India?

Jaipur has been popularized with the name of Pink City because of the color of the stone exclusively used for the construction of all the structures. But this is not 100% true during the rule of Sawai Ram Singh I, and the city was painted pink to welcome HRH Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (who later became King Edward VII, Emperor of India), in 1876. Many of the avenues remain pink, giving Jaipur a distinctive appearance and the epithet Pink city.

Pink in color and pink in vibrancy, the city of Jaipur is one of the most beautiful and magnetic cities of India. One always falls short of words while describing the bounteous charm that the city captivates the visitor with. The culture, architecture, traditions, art, jewelry, and textiles of Jaipur have always charmed travelers. It is one city that, even after modernization, still holds to its roots and values.

Apart from being the capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is also the largest city in the state. The city's foundation dates back to the eighteenth century, with credit to the great warrior and astronomer Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. The glorious past of Jaipur comes alive in the palaces and forts in the city where once lived the royal clans. The majestic forts and Havelis, the beautiful temples, the serene landscapes, and the rich cultural heritage have made Jaipur an ideal destination for tourists.

How to Reach Jaipur By Air, Train & Road

By Air: Jaipur Airport is 10 km away from the city. Jaipur is connected by domestic flight with cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Jodhpur and Udaipur.

By Train: Jaipur Railway Station is well-connected by railway network with major cities like Delhi, Agra, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Chennai, Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Bikaner.

By Road: Jaipur is well-connected by road with all the major cities of North India including Delhi, Agra, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Udaipur, Ahmedabad, etc.

Language of Jaipur, the Largest and Capital City of Rajasthan

The official language of Jaipur is Hindi. English is the additional official language. Dhundari is the native and main dialect of the city. Marwari and Standard Hindi dialects are also spoken in the city, along with English.

Climate And Average Weather Year Round in Jaipur

In Jaipur, the wet season is oppressive and partly cloudy; the dry season is mostly clear and hot year-round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 48°F to 104°F and is rarely below 42°F or above 110°F.

Jaipur in India has a hot semi-arid climate. In July and August, you will experience a short monsoon, and it becomes very hot in Jaipur starting April, with average temperatures above 37 degrees Celsius (98° Fahrenheit). That's why we recommend visiting Jaipur from November until March.

You are most likely to experience good weather during January and December with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F).

Other facts from our historical climate data

Which months have the greatest rainfall in Jaipur?

Most rain (rainy season) is seen in July and August.

Which is the warmest month in Jaipur?

May has an average maximum temperature of 40.5°C (104.9°F) and is the warmest month of the year.

Which is the coldest month in Jaipur?

The coldest month is January, with an average maximum temperature of 22.5°C (72.5°F).

Which is the wettest month in Jaipur?

August tops the wettest month list with 192mm (7.6in) rainfall.

Which is the driest month in Jaipur?

November is the driest month with 3mm (0.1in) precipitation.

  January February   March      April        May        June        July       August   September October November December
Avg. Temperature °C (°F) 14.6 °C - (58.3) °F 18.3 °C - (64.9) °F 24.1 °C - (75.3) °F 30 °C - (86) °F 33.6 °C - (92.4) °F 33 °C - (91.3) °F 29.1 °C - (84.4) °F 27.4 °C - (81.3) °F 27.8 °C - (82) °F 26.1 °C - (79.1) °F 21.2 °C - (70.1) °F 16.2 °C - (61.1) °F
Min. Temperature °C (°F) 8 °C - (46.5) °F 11.2 °C - (52.2) °F 16.4 °C - (61.5) °F 21.9 °C - (71.4) °F 26.4 °C - (79.5) °F 27.8 °C - (82) °F 25.8 °C - (78.5) °F 24.5 °C - (76) °F 23.4 °C - (74.1) °F 19.7 °C - (67.4) °F 14.7 °C - (58.5) °F 9.7 °C - 49.5) °F
Max. Temperature °C (°F) 21.6 °C - (70.9) °F 25.5 °C - (77.9) °F 31.6 °C - (88.8) °F 37.5 °C - (99.5) °F 40.3 °C - (104.6) °F 38.3 °C - (101) °F 33 °C - (91.4) °F 31 °C - (87.8) °F 32.5 °C - (90.6) °F 32.9 °C - (91.2) °F 28.2 °C - (82.7) °F 23.3 °C (74) °F
Precipitation / Rainfall mm (in) 9 - (0.4) 11 - (0.4) 7 - (0.3) 6 - (0.2) 12 - (0.5) 60 - (2.4) 178 - (7) 170 - (6.7) 62 - (2.4) 11 - (0.4) 7 - (0.3) 3 - (0.1)
Humidity(%) 53% 43% 30% 21% 24% 41% 67% 76% 62% 41% 43% 51%
Rainy days (d) 1 1 1 1 3 6 13 14 7 1 1 1
avg. Sun hours (hours) 9.1 9.8 10.7 11.5 12.1 11.9 9.2 8.1 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.2

Best Hospitals in Jaipur

  • Pristyn Care
  • Apex Hospital
  • S K Soni Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital, Jaipur
  • Mahatma Gandhi Hospital
  • Metro Mas Hospital, Jaipur
  • Narayana Multispecialty Hospital
  • Monilek Hospital & Research Center
  • Centre for Sight Eye Hospital, Malviya Nagar, Jaipur
  • BhagwanMahaveer Cancer Hospital & Research Centre, Jaipur

  • Best Schools in Jaipur

    • JayshreePeriwal High School
    • Sanskaar School
    • Mahaveer Public School
    • Delhi Public School
    • Maharani Gayatri Devi Girls School
    • Modern International School
    • St. Xavier’s Senior Secondary School
    • Ryan International School
    • Tagore International School
    • Doon Public School

    Top Universities in Jaipur

    • IIS University
    • Manipal University
    • NIMS University
    • Amity University
    • Poornima University
    • Banasthalli University
    • Jaipur National University

    3 Interesting Facts About Jaipur That Will Jaw Drop For You

    1. Hawa Mahal – A Building Without Any Foundation

    Known as the “Palace of Breeze” – the place is considered a landmark of Jaipur. Built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799, this five-story building has 953 windows that are beautifully carved to allow the breeze to blow through the palace and makes it a perfect summer palace. It looks like a honeycomb of a beehive from its exterior with these Jharokhas, which can keep this summer palace cool all around the year. The palace's beauty lies in the fact that it is standing on the edge of City Palace Jaipur and extends to the Zenana, or women’s chambers.

    2. Most Planned City in India

    Jaipur is one of the first planned cities in India. According to Indian Vastu Shastra, it was planned by a Bengali architect named Vidyadhar Bhattacharya in 1727. The directions of each street and market are East to West and North to South.

    3. Hub To The Most Expensive Hotel Suites

    For Jaipur, which has been touted as one of India's royal and luxurious cities, lavish housing hotels are common. But do you know some of the most famous hotels are there in Pink City itself? Yes, that is true as the place attracts tourists around the year and is also a favorite destination for weddings. Hence, it houses some fantastic hotels like The Raj Palace, The Oberois, ITC Rajputana, Trident, etc. Doesn’t it fascinate you to plan a trip to Jaipur now?

    Hire Best Home Shifting Expert In Jaipur

    Fairs & Festivals of Jaipur

    Jaipur is famously called the Pink City, one of the reasons it attracts millions of tourists every year is its vibrant heritage culture. Jaipur is famous for its lively people who bring the city to life by celebrating several fairs and festivals. Rajasthan has different forms of folk entertainment, customs and attires, which vary from region to region, holding to the maxim of unity in diversity. People rejoice and revel with great joy keeping alive the age-old traditions in the form of festivals in the capital city of Rajasthan.

    • Holi
    • Diwali
    • Elephant Festival
    • Makar Sankranti
    • Kite Festival
    • Gangaur Festival
    • Teej Festival
    • Vijayadashmi
    • Shitla Mata Fair
    • Chakshu Fair
    • Literature Festival
    • Donkey Festival
    • Sitla Mata Fair

    150+ House Warming Wishes, Quotes, and Congratulation Message

    Best Tourist Attractions in Jaipur City

    Jaipur is home to historical forts and palaces. Major attractions in this category include:

    • 1. City Palace
    • 2. Jantar Mantar
    • 3. Hawa Mahal
    • 4. Amber Fort
    • 5. Albert Hall Museum
    • 6. Birla Mandir
    • 7. Nahargarh Fort
    • 8. Galta Ji
    • 9. Amrapali Museum
    • 10. Museum of Legacies
    • 11. Jal Mahal
    • 12. Rambagh Palace

    Expore more about Best Place to Visit in Jaipur.

    Cost of Living in Jaipur City

    Rent Per Month Expenses
    Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre Rs. 11,235.71
    Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre Rs.7,376.29
    Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre Rs. 24,994.22
    Apartment (3 bedrooms) Outside of Centre Rs. 15,321.28
    Restaurants Expenses
    Meal, Inexpensive Restaurant Rs. 200.00
    Meal for 2 People, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course Rs. 800.00
    McMeal at McDonalds (or Equivalent Combo Meal) Rs. 250.00
    Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught) Rs. 125.00
    Buy Apartment in Jaipur Expenses
    Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre Rs. 11,235.71
    Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre Rs. 7,376.29
    Items Estimated Charges
    Local Transport INR 10-INR 50
    Monthly Pass Monthly Pass INR 300-INR 1300

    Best and Safest Places to Live in Jaipur

    Famous Temples in Jaipur

    There are several architecturally beautiful temples in the city of Jaipur. Major attractions include the following famous temples:

    • Sun Temple is a hindu temple in Jaipur, Rajasthan
    • GovindDevji Temple is located within the City Palace Complex
    • Birla Mandir (Laxmi Narayan Temple)
    • Kanak Vrindavan Valley Complex (Shri GovindDeojiParisar)
    • Digamber Jain Temple of Sanghiji, Sanganer
    • Galtaji - An ancient Hindu pilgrimage about 10 km away from Jaipur consisting of a series of temples
    • Shila Devi Temple located in Amer Fort
    • Kale Hanuman Ji: Pay Homage to an Unusual Idol Of Lord Hanuman
    • AmbikeshwarMahadev Mandir: Explore and Seek Blessings at a Temple Built Before the Establishment of Amer City
    • Pataleshwar Mandir: Explore One of its Kind Shiva Temple Situated Below the Ground

    Top 10 Famous Foods in Jaipur

    Jaipur is the city of palaces, forts and royalty. Also, the city of magnificence and splendor. The city is known for one more thing: its delicious cuisines. Yes, we are talking about authentic Rajasthani dishes high on the taste quotient. Dishes ranging from dal-baati-churma to laalmaas, keema baati, ghewar, kulfi, and many other things to eat in Jaipur that a treat for your taste buds. Rajasthani people sure know how to live in grandeur, and their food is as mind-blowing as their living style.

    • Ghevar
    • Lapsi
    • Dal Bathi Churma
    • Pyaz Ki Kachori
    • Ker Sangri
    • Gatte Ki Sabji
    • Mava Kachori
    • Gajak
    • Laal Maas
    • MirchiVadas
    • Rajasthani Kadi
    • KeemaBathi
    • Jungle Maas
    • Bajre Ki Khichdi
    • Kalakand
    • Chokhani Kheer
    • Aam Ki Launji
    • Jaipuri Chicken

    Conclusion: -

    Jaipur is heaven for those who are visiting here for traveling & living. Or, if you want to feel the royalism, you must visit Jaipur to experience the history, culture, heritage, and architecture.

    Frequently Asked Questions about Jaipur

    Q1. Which are the famous local cuisine of Jaipur?

    Ans. Famous local cuisine in Jaipur is dal Baati Churma, Ghevar, Laal Maas, Pyaazki Kachori, MirchVada, and GattekiSabzi.

    Ans. Famous restaurants of Jaipur for Rajasthani traditional cuisine are Suvarna Mahal, Cinnamon, ChokhiDhani, Shri Thaal Village, Shri PanchBhog, and Surya Mahal.

    Q2. What is Jaipur famous for?

    Ans. Jaipur is famous as the Pink City of India, and it is also the Capital City of Rajasthan. Jaipur is renowned for Rajasthani traditional Jewelry, traditional fabrics and handicrafts, and also for traditional Rajasthani cuisine.

    Q3. Which Are the top packers and movers in Jaipur?

    Ans. Here is the list top packers and movers in Jaipur city.

    • 1. Call2ShiftJaipur Packers And Movers
    • 2. New Professional Packers Movers
    • 3. Agarwal Home Movers Packers
    • 4. Oberoi Packers and Movers
    • 5. Ujjawal Packers Movers

    Q4. What is the current PIN code of Jaipur?

    Location Pin code State District
    A C jobner 303329 Rajasthan Jaipur 302005 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Ashoknagar 302001 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Achalpura 303908 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Achrol 303002 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Airport Sanganer 302011 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Ajairajpura 303007 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Ajmer Road 302006 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Akhepura 302013 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Akoda 303338 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Akodiya 303901 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Alisar 303801 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Amarpura 303804 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Amarsar 303601 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Amba Bari 302023 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Amer 302028 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Amer Clark hotel 302018 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Amer Road 302002 Rajasthan Jaipur
    Amloda 303120 Rajasthan Jaipur

    Q5. What is the old name of Jaipur?

    Ans. Jaipur got the name ‘Pink City’ in 1853, when the reigning King Sawai Ram Singh painted all royal and official buildings in sandstone color to commemorate the visit of Prince of Wales to the city.

    Q6. What is the capital of Rajasthan?

    Ans. Jaipur is the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan. Many people search what is the capital of Jaipur? But Jaipur has no capital as Jaipur itself is the capital of Rajasthan.

    Q7. Where is Jaipur located?

    Ans. Jaipur, city, capital of Rajasthan state, northwestern India. It is situated in the east-central part of the state, roughly equidistant from Alwar (northeast) and Ajmer (southwest). It is Rajasthan's most-populous city.

    Q8. Who founded Jaipur?

    Ans. Jaipur gets its name from its founder Maharaja JaiSingh II (1693-1744) the great warrior and astronomer. He came to power at the age of II on the death of his father Maharaja Bishan Singh.

    Q9. Is jaipur a metro city?

    Ans. Heritage city of Jaipur on Wednesday added another feather to its "royal" cap with the commercial launch of Metro. The city became sixth in the country after Kolkata, Delhi, Bangalore, Gurgaon and Mumbai to have the enviable transport system.

    Q10. What is the nickname of Jaipur?

    Ans. The nick name of Jaipur is Pink City of India.